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3 Oct


Experts Discover Multiple Malicious npm Packages | Cyware Alerts – Hacker News

The world of open-source software offers countless benefits to developers worldwide. However, with opportunities also come risks. The FortiGuard Labs team recently uncovered numerous malicious packages within npm, the most extensive software registry for JavaScript. This article delves deep into these packages, unveiling the threat they pose to users and systems.

Diving into details

Over a series of discoveries, the FortiGuard Labs team categorized the malicious packages based on their coding styles and tactics:
  • The First Set: Hidden malicious code within obfuscated index.js scripts that stealthily extract data such as Kubernetes configurations and SSH keys.
  • The Second Set: These packages scout for valuable data, identifying and transmitting files containing sensitive data through an HTTP GET request.
  • The Third and Fourth Sets: Through index.mjs install scripts, these packages utilize Discord webhooks for the unauthorized exfiltration of data, differing only in their coding approach.
  • The Fifth and Sixth Sets: Both sets primarily focus on extracting host and user information, using distinct index.js install scripts.
  • The Seventh Set: While using an installer.js install script, these packages introduce vulnerability by disabling TLS certificate validation, opening doors for potential MITM attacks.
  • The Eighth Set: This package automatically downloads and runs suspicious executable files.
  • The Ninth Set: Employing a unique scripting method, this package gathers the victim’s system information, relaying it to a Discord webhook.

The bottom line

Malicious npm packages highlight a significant and often overlooked threat within the open-source ecosystem. While the benefits of open-source are undeniable, it is equally essential to recognize and address the risks posed by malicious actors who exploit the trust and open nature of these platforms.a
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